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Showing only stories from the Abs. category: Abstracts from journal articles of general interest to swine veterinarians. -- show all categories

Reverse Zoonosis of Influenza to Swine: New Perspectives on the Human–Animal Interface
April 22, 2015 —  [Abs.]
SummaryHumans transmit far more influenza viruses to swine than swine transmit to humans.Human-to-swine transmission is key to the evolution of influenza diversity in swine.In effect, humans sow the...

The Inability to Screen Exhibition Swine for Influenza A Virus Using Body Temperature
April 22, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Agricultural fairs create an unconventional animal-human interface that has been associated with swine-to-human transmission of influenza A virus (IAV) in recent years. Early detection of...

Optimal Use of Vaccines for Control of Influenza A Virus in Swine
April 22, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Influenza A virus in swine (IAV-S) is one of the most important infectious disease agents of swine in North America. In addition to the economic burden of IAV-S to the swine industry, the zoonotic...

Are Pharmacological Interventions between Conception and Birth Effective in Improving Reproductive Outcomes in North American Swine?
April 15, 2015 —  [Abs.]
The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of using pharmacological compounds on reproductive outcomes, particularly litter size, in North American swine. While the opportunity to...

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Infection: Etiology, Epidemiology, Pathogenesis and Immunoprophylaxis
April 8, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), a member of the genera Alphacoronavirus in the family Coronaviridae, causes acute diarrhea/vomiting, dehydration and high mortality in seronegative neonatal...

Global Migration of Influenza A Viruses in Swine
April 1, 2015 —  [Abs.]
The complex and unresolved evolutionary origins of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic exposed major gaps in our knowledge of the global spatial ecology and evolution of influenza A viruses in swine...

Infection of Farmed Pigs with Porcine Kobuviruses in Italy
April 1, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Two-hundred eight swine fecal samples from six Italian farms were tested using a kobuvirus-specific RT-PCR with primers that amplify a region within the 3D gene. All farms were kobuvirus positive,...

Isolation and Characterization of Porcine Deltacoronavirus from Pigs with Diarrhea in the United States
March 18, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a novel coronavirus that causes diarrhea in nursing piglets. Following its first detection in the United States (US) in February 2014, additional PDCoV strains...

Investigating the Introduction of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus into an Ohio Swine Operation
March 11, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Background: Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly transmissible coronavirus that causes a severe enteric disease that is particularly deadly for neonatal piglets. Since its introduction...

Evidence for a Link between Tail Biting and Central Monoamine Metabolism in Pigs (Sus scrofa domestica)
March 4, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Tail biting in pigs is a major welfare problem within the swine industry. Even though there is plenty of information on housing and management-related risk factors, the biological bases of this...

Exposure of Feral Swine (Sus scrofa) in the United States to Selected Pathogens
February 18, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Feral swine (Sus scrofa) are widely distributed in the United States. In 2011 and 2012, serum samples and tonsils were recovered from 162 and 37 feral swine, respectively, in the US to evaluate...

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Commercial Swine Herds is Associated with Disinfectant and Zinc Usage
February 11, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) originating from swine is concerning for public health but an understanding of the emergence and persistence of MRSA in nursery herds is lacking....

Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella Isolates from Healthy Pigs and Chickens (2008-2011)
February 3, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Using the agar dilution method, antimicrobial susceptibility to human-use antibiotics was determined among Belgian faecal Salmonella isolates from healthy pigs and broiler chickens. Both...

Mapping the Global Distribution of Livestock
February 3, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Livestock contributes directly to the livelihoods and food security of almost a billion people and affects the diet and health of many more. With estimated standing populations of 1.43 billion...

Pain Management in the Neonatal Piglet during Routine Management Procedures. Part 1: A Systematic Review of Randomized and Non-Randomized Intervention Studies
January 28, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Routine procedures carried out on piglets (i.e. castration, tail docking, teeth clipping, and ear notching) are considered painful. Unfortunately the efficacy of current pain mitigation modalities is...

Pain Management in the Neonatal Piglet during Routine Management Procedures. Part 2:Grading the Quality of Evidence and the Strength of Recommendations
January 28, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Piglets reared in swine production in the USA undergo painful procedures that include castration, tail docking, teeth clipping, and identification with ear notching or tagging. These procedures are...

Evaluating Genetic Diversity and Dynamics of Virus Infection in Wean-to-Finish Pigs
January 28, 2015 —  [Abs.]
The objectives were to estimate the diversity of IAV in an infected growing pig population, and to determine the extent of re-infection with resident viruses. This is important to understanding why...

Previous Infection of Sows with a "Mild" Strain of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus Confers Protection against Infection with a "Severe" Strain
January 21, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv) infected approximately 50% of the US swine breeding herds from July 2013 to July 2014 as estimated by the Swine Health Monitoring Project. In the absence of...

Antigenic Relationships among Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus and Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus Strains
January 19, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) are economically important swine enteropathogenic coronaviruses. These two viruses belong to two distinct species...

Trichinellosis Surveillance - United States, 2008-2012
January 19, 2015 —  [Abs.]
Trichinellosis is a parasitic disease caused by nematodes in the genus Trichinella, which are among the most widespread zoonotic pathogens globally. Infection occurs following consumption of raw or...

Reverse Zoonosis of Influenza to Swine: New Perspectives on the Human-Animal Interface
January 14, 2015 —  [Abs.]
The origins of the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in swine are unknown, highlighting gaps in our understanding of influenza A virus (IAV) ecology and evolution. We review how recently strengthened...

Molecular Characterization of H3N2 Influenza A Viruses Isolated from Ontario Swine in 2011 and 2012
December 31, 2014 —  [Abs.]
Background Data about molecular diversity of commonly circulating type A influenza viruses in Ontario swine are scarce. Yet, this information is essential for surveillance of animal and public...

UMN Identifies Third PEDV Strain
December 31, 2014 —  [Abs.]
Three naturally occurring US PEDV strains have been identified: the original PEDV, the PEDV with changes in the spike gene (INDEL), and the PEDV strain (S2aadel) reported in this article. The role of...

The Effect of Anatomic Site and Age on Detection of Staphylococcus aureus in Pigs
December 23, 2014 —  [Abs.]
Despite active research into methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in pigs since 2004, the ecology of the susceptible ancestral organism has been neglected. A longitudinal study of pigs...

Widespread Detection of Antibodies to Leptospira in Feral Swine in the United States
December 23, 2014 —  [Abs.]
As feral swine continue to expand their geographical range and distribution across the United States, their involvement in crop damage, livestock predation, and pathogen transmission is likely to...

A Proteomic Approach to Porcine Saliva
December 15, 2014 —  [Abs.]
This paper reviews recent progress in salivary animal proteomics, with special reference to the porcine proteome. Until fairly recently, most studies on saliva as a diagnostic fluid have focused on...

Impact of Transmammary-Delivered Meloxicam on Biomarkers of Pain and Distress in Piglets after Castration and Tail Docking
December 10, 2014 —  [Abs.]
To investigate a novel route for providing analgesia to processed piglets via transmammary drug delivery, meloxicam was administered orally to sows after farrowing. The objectives of the study were...

Investigation into an Outbreak of Encephalomyelitis caused by a Neuroinvasive Porcine Sapelovirus in the United Kingdom
November 12, 2014 —  [Abs.]
An outbreak of neurological disease in grower pigs characterised by ataxia and paraparesis was investigated in this study. The outbreak occurred 3-4 weeks post weaning in grower pigs which displayed...

Herd-Level Risk Factors for the Seropositivity to Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and the Occurrence of Enzootic Pneumonia among Fattening Pigs in Areas of Endemic Infection and High Pig Density
October 29, 2014 —  [Abs.]
The aim of the present study was to identify potential risk factors for the occurrence of enzootic pneumonia (EP) in herds situated in a region of high pig density, where a majority of herds is...

Establishment of Serological Herd Profiles for Zoonoses and Production Diseases in Pigs by "Meat Juice Multi-Serology"
October 22, 2014 —  [Abs.]
The most important pork-borne zoonotic diseases in humans such as Salmonelloses and Yersinioses cause only latent infections in pigs. Thus, the infection of pigs does not result in apparent or...

The complete archive, including older stories, is here

Category abbreviations: AASV=Membership information, announcements, and other information from the American Association of Swine Veterinarians; Abs.=Abstracts from journal articles of general interest to swine veterinarians.; ALERT=Used to create email alerts; An.H.=Animal Health; Conf.=Conference announcements and other continuing education opportunities; FAD="Foreign" Animal Disease and other news most significant to regions outside of North America.; Food=Food Safety; Gov.=Information about legislation, regulations, and rulemaking that may affect the swine industry or swine veterinarians.; Hum.H.=Human health; Ind.=News from the pork industry, including NPPC and Pork Board activities.; International=Information regarding swine health and production internationally.; Jobs=Position announcements, primarily seeking swine veterinarians.; Meet=Provides a short synopsis of meetings of importance to swine veterinarians.; News=Agriculture related news events.; Nutr.=Swine nutrition; OP-ED=Opinion or editorial articles expressing the thoughts of individual Association members.; Pharm.=Pharmaceuticals and biologicals; PRRS=Articles from the AASV PRRS Task Force; Practice=Information associated with practice management or development.; Research=Research topics of interest to swine veterinarians.; Students=Information of interest to AASV student members.; USDA=US Dept. of Agriculture activities of interest to swine veterinarians.; Welfare=Animal welfare issues