Sequivity(TM) RNA Particle Technology from Merck Animal Health

PRRS CORNER: Association between the Genetic Similarity of the Open Reading Frame 5 Sequence of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus and the Similarity in Clinical Signs of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome in Ontario Swine

A study of Ontario swine farms positive for Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) tested the association between genetic similarity of the virus and similarity of clinical signs reported by the herd owner. Herds were included if a positive result of polymerase chain reaction for PRRSV at the Animal Health Laboratory at the University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, was found between September 2004 and August 2007. Nucleotide-sequence similarity and clinical similarity, as determined from a telephone survey, were calculated for all pairs of herds. The Mantel test indicated that clinical similarity and sequence similarity were weakly correlated for most clinical signs. The generalized additive model indicated that virus homology with 2 vaccine viruses affected the association between sequence similarity and clinical similarity. When the data for herds with vaccine-like virus were removed from the dataset there was a significant association between virus similarity and similarity of the reported presence of abortion, stillbirth, preweaning mortality, and sow/boar mortality. Ownership similarity was also found to be associated with virus similarity and with similarity of the reported presence of sows being off-feed, nursery respiratory disease, nursery mortality, finisher respiratory disease, and finisher mortality. These results indicate that clinical signs of PRRS are associated with PRRSV genotype and that herd ownership is associated with both of these.

Rosendal T, Dewey C, Friendship R, Wootton S, Young B, Poljak Z; Association between the Genetic Similarity of the Open Reading Frame 5 Sequence of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus and the Similarity in Clinical Signs of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome in Ontario Swine Herds; Can J Vet Res. 2014 Oct;78(4):250-9. PMID: 25355993