Investigation of the use of meloxicam post farrowing for improving sow performance and reducing pain
R. Tenbergen, MS; R. Friendship, DVM, MS, Diplomate ABVP; G. Cassar, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ABVP; M. R. Amezcua, DVM, MS, PhD; D. Haley, MS, PhD
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Objectives: To determine the effects of meloxicam administered to sows shortly after parturition on nursing behaviour and piglet survival and growth.
Materials and methods: A total of 289 sows and their litters were used. Sows within 12 hours of farrowing were randomly allocated to receive either an intramuscular injection of meloxicam (extra-label) or a placebo. Researchers were blinded to treatment. All piglets were weighed within 12 hours of birth, at castration and tail-docking (5 to 7 days of age), and prior to weaning (19 to 21 days of age). Litters were categorized as small, medium, and large. Additional measurements involving the sow, including position changes, rectal temperatures, and feed-intake scores, were performed on a smaller number of the study sows.
Results: There were no significant treatment effects on piglet mortality or growth rate. However, growth rate of pigs in medium-sized litters (11 to 13 pigs) tended to be better for sows treated with meloxicam than for sows given a placebo (P = .07). Growth rate was positively correlated with weight at birth and at weaning (P < .001) and negatively correlated with sow parity and litter size at birth (P < .001). Piglet mortality was not associated with treatment, but was associated with large litter size and light birth weight (P < .001).
Implications: Meloxicam given to all sows post farrowing does not result in improved piglet survival and growth. Improved performance might be noted if only sows having difficult farrowings were treated. Further studies are required to confirm.
Keywords: meloxicam, pain, parturition, neonatal mortality
Cite as: Tenbergen R, Friendship R, Cassar G, et al. Investigation of the use of meloxicam post farrowing for improving sow performance and reducing pain. J Swine Health Prod 2014;22(1):10-15.
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