Feed mill biosecurity plans: A systematic approach to prevent biological pathogens in swine feed

Roger A. Cochrane, MS; Steve S. Dritz, DVM, PhD; Jason C. Woodworth, MS, PhD; Charles R. Stark, MS, PhD; Anne R. Huss, MS, PhD; Jean Paul Cano, DVM, PhD; Robert W. Thompson, DVM, MS; Adam C. Fahrenholz, MS, PhD; Cassandra K. Jones, MS, PhD

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Development of a feed mill biosecurity plan can minimize risk of introduction of biologic hazards and limit potential economic losses from animal or human pathogens such as Salmonella and porcine epidemic diarrhea virus. A biosecurity plan should be detailed and contain hazard controls at each step of the manufacturing process. Biologic hazards can cause illness or injury in humans or animals. These hazards can be introduced through a number of means, including ingredients, manufacturing equipment, or people, so controls must aim to prevent or reduce their prevalence. The Food Safety Modernization Act requires most feed mills to identify and control hazards. A biosecurity plan can serve as an effective prerequisite program to reduce the likelihood of a biological hazard occurrence by identifying ingredient specifications, sampling methods, analytical procedures, receiving guidelines, equipment cleanout, production parameters, load-out, and sanitation procedures. The objective of this review is to describe biological hazards that may be present in swine feed, locations of their potential entry, and suggested practices for a successful biosecurity plan for feed mills manufacturing swine feed.

Keywords: feed, biosecurity, hazard analysis, pathogen control

RIS citationCite as: Cochrane RA, Dritz SS, Woodworth JC, et al. Feed mill biosecurity plans: A systematic approach to prevent biological pathogens in swine feed. J Swine Health Prod 2016;24(3):154-164.

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